Columbia River Treaty

The Columbia River Treaty (CRT) is an agreement ratified in 1964 between the United States and Canada to develop and operate dams and reservoirs to provide regulated flows on the Columbia and Kootenay rivers to optimize flood control and power generation in both countries. The CRT has no end date but either country can terminate most of the provisions of the CRT any time after September 16, 2024 providing at least 10 years notice is given. Most of the benefits and obligations under the CRT were transferred to BC in the separate 1963 Canada-BC agreement and under this agreement BC Hydro is the appointed Canadian entity.

Both countries are currently discussing whether to end the CRT or to continue the CRT in some form. BC has agreed to the continuation of the CRT with 14 recommendations for improvement. STS Technical Working Group has added to BC’s recommendations: tighter environmental protection, treaty provisions be shared with STS based on the Sir Wilfred Laurier memorial, re-establishing fish passage into the Upper Columbia, meaningful consultation with First Nations on any impact to Aboriginal title and rights and full involvement in all decisions affecting wildlife habitat and Aboriginal interests, and ensure minimal impact to fish and fish habitat.

STS ensured Sexqéltkemc title is understood by the Crown Corporation and protected our rights on the ground.